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Cultural feminism developed from radical feminism. It is an ideology of a "female nature" or "female essence" that attempts to revalidate what cultural feminists consider undervalued female attributes.[1] It is also a theory that commends the difference of women from men.[2]

Its critics assert that because it is based on an essentialist view of the differences between women and men and advocates independence and institution building, it has led feminists to retreat from practicing public politics to a focus upon individual "life-style".[3] Alice Echols (a feminist historian and cultural theorist), credits Redstockings member Brooke Williams with introducing the term cultural feminism in 1975 to describe the depoliticisation of radical feminism.[3]


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Alcoff
  2. Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale (2000). Routledge international encyclopedia of women: global women's issues and knowledge, New York: Routledge.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Autumn_Taylor
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