Islamism is an ideology based on fundamentalist Islam. As of 2015 it was an active political force in the middle east, particularly in Syria and Iraq where it took the form of the Islamic State. Other movements include Al Qaeda and the Taliban.

Islamism is based on certain passages in the Quran which take aggressive positions about the primacy of the role of religion in life and society and of Islam as the premier religion. It is opposed to the hegemony of Western civilization and all forms of humanism, including communism.

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