It was founded in 1996, uniting several communist groups that opposed president Yeltsin's policies. Its leader was Sazhi Umalatova, a Russian politician of Chechen nationality, who was a devoted opponent of Gorbachev and Yeltsin. Umalatova supported the August coup in 1991 and the anti-Yeltsin opposition in the October 1993 events. However, she later became an ardent supporter of president Putin.
At the legislative elections, December 7, 2003, the party won 0.25 % of the popular vote and no seats. The party did not participate in the 2007 Russian legislative election and merged with the party Patriots of Russia in 2008.
- The Beneficiaries of Saddam's Oil Vouchers: The List of 270. The Middle East Media Research Institute.