File:Robotnik Śląski 08-01-1924.jpg

Front page of the Robotnik Śląski newspaper, 8 January 1924

Polish Socialist Workers Party (Polish: Polska Socjalistyczna Partia Robotnicza, PSPR) was a political party in Czechoslovakia founded in February 1921, based amongst Polish workers. The party was active in trade union struggles, mainly mobilizing miners and workers in heavy industries. The chairman of the party was Emanuel Chobot. Other prominent members of the party were Antoni Steffek and Wiktor Sembol. The party closely cooperated with the Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party. The party published the newspaper Robotnik Śląski ('Silesian Worker') from Frysztat.[1][2][3]

In the 1929 parliamentary election, Chobot was elected member of parliament. The party had contested the election in alliance with other Polish parties and the Jewish Party. Ahead of the 1935 parliamentary election, the party had reached an agreement with the Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party.[1]

As of 1928, the party claimed a membership of 2,100, out of whom 150 were women. The youth organization of the party claimed a membership of 1,500.[3] The party held party congresses every two years.[4] The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1938. It was represented by Chobot in the Executive of the International 1931-1938, he shared his seat with Johann Kowoll of DSAP.[5]

In September 1921 internal conflicts in the party led to secession of the left-wing activists, who supported ideas of the Comintern and joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.[6]

Footnotes

References

  • Gawrecki, Dan (2000). "Polské politické strany v Habsburské monarchii a v Československé republice" Pavel Marek et al. Přehled politického stranictví na území českých zemí a Československa v letech 1861-1998, p. 238–244, Olomouc: Katedra politologie a evropských studií FFUP.
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